China on the Move-번역:박유경님

China on the Move

  In the space of less than a century, China lost its imperial tradition, resisted imperialist moves by Japan and the West, established a command e economy, resumed participation in global capitalism, and recovered Hong Kong from the british colonialists.

  After the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) defeated the Nationalist Guomingdang (KMT) Party in a civil war in 1979, the West imposed a blockade on trade and diplomacy with China. Even by 1968, only 51 countries recognised the peking (now Beijing)government; the rest acknowledged the KMT, 'temporarily' exiled in Taiwan, but still 'officially' representing China, while Peking was denied a seat at the United Nations (UN)until 1971. By the end of the decade China had abandoned the stalinist policy, 'socialism in one country',and replaced it with the 'open door', which permitted foreign investment as China gradually reintegrated into world trade and capitalism.

  The political and economic importance  China is undeniable - with a permanent seat on the UN Security Council, and a reputation as the 'world's factory', producing a disproportionate amount of the world's manufactured goods. These products are often made under conditions that have revived the use of the nine-teenth century term for factory production, 'sweatshop' . Whilst informal labor and poverty wages increase in developed countries, it is curious that western civil society in general seems more concerned with eliminating sweatshops in Asia, particularly China, than it is about dwindling union memberships, and bad laws and working conditions at home.

  Much of China's economic and social progress during recent economic reorientation is due to country folk leaving the land to work in factories making goods with foreign investment or subcontracting to make products. These migrant workers have moved in increasing numbers since the reform period began over 20 years ago. But migrant workers are no longer only from the country side, the situation is changing, for example state-owned enterprise(SOE) workers, particularly women, made redundant during privatisation, are now recruited by agencies to work in the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone in Guangdong province. It is ironic that Shenzhen is a metropolis of manufactories yet these migrants from northeastern Jilin city who are well acquainted with factory work are not recruited to work in them, but instead are retrained to be domestic workers for the emerging local nouveau riche, The likely reason is simple; for most of their lives as SOE workers, their working conditions and benefits were relatively good but if put to work in the sweatshops, they could revolt against the poor conditions and possibly educate rural migrant work mates about decent working conditions and make them disgruntled.